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Should my dog be held on a leash and fitted with muzzle? Are there any other controls I should take?

Agriculture, Fisheries and Conservation Department

A dog owner should take corresponding controls on his/her dog (including leashing and fitting with muzzle) according to its type. Please refer to the following table for details:

Type of DogCharacters / DefinitionControls
Ordinary dogsNot fall within the definitions of “Large dogs”, “Fighting dogs” and “Known dangerous dogs”
  1. You should keep your dog under proper control. According to the law, all dogs must be kept on a leash or under proper control in public places; AND
  2. DON'T allow your dog to be out of your sight or cause nuisance to others.

Suggestion: If your dog has a tendency to show aggressive behaviour, in addition to the above measures, consider using a muzzle on your dog (but be careful when using a muzzle in hot weather).

Large dogsWeight 20 kg or over
  1. When you enter a public place with a large dog, you must observe the duty of care and be fully focused while controlling your dog; AND
  2. Large dogs shall be securely held on a leash of not more than 2 metres in length by a person at all times; OR
  3. Large dogs shall be securely tied to a fixed object on a leash of not more than 1.5 metres in length in a manner that does not pose a danger to the public and animal safety, and welfare of the dog; OR
  4. In country parks, large dogs may be exercised without a leash, provided they are still under effective control.
  5. A dog owner and his/her dog may participate in the exemption examination. If the dog demonstrates that it is obedient and non-aggressive off leash, it can then be exempted from this leashing requirement. Please click here for details.

Suggestion: If your dog has a tendency to show aggressive behaviour, in addition to the above measures, consider using a muzzle on your dog (but be careful when using a muzzle in hot weather).

Fighting dogs
  1. Pit Bull Terrier
  2. Dogo Argentino
  3. Fila Braziliero
  4. Japanese Tosa
  5. Mixed-breed dogs involving a breed of any of the above 4 types

 (Attention: Fighting dog is not allowed to import or breed in HK. Current Fighting dog must be registered in AFCD legally) 

  1. When you enter a public place with your dog, you must observe the duty of care and be fully focused while controlling your dog; AND
  2. The dog must be neutered by a registered veterinary surgeon and you must obtain a valid de-sexing certificate from the veterinary surgeon; AND
  3. The dog must be securely muzzled and held on a leash not longer than 1.5 metres at all times in public places; AND You must identify the dog with a special collar (according to the legislation requirements) at all times.
Known dangerous dogsDeclared to be a "known dangerous dog" by a magistrate

 

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Last update: 17 Sep 2019
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